A black panther is the melanistic colour variant found in members of the genus Panthera, particularly of the leopard in Asia and Africa, and the jaguar in the Americas. Black panthers of both species have excess black pigments, but their typical spotted markings are also present.
Black panthers aren’t panthers at all. They’re actually leopards or jaguars with black coats. Jaguars live in tropical lowland forests in South America, Mexico, and the southwestern US. Leopards live in grasslands, forests, mountains, and deserts in Africa and Asia. Black panthers are typically found in the denser forests in these regions. Both types of big cats are hunters that prey on mammals, birds, fish, and reptiles, and live up to 12 years in the wild and at least 20 years in captivity.
Deer or true deer are hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. The two main groups of deer are the Cervinae, including the muntjac, the elk, the red deer, the fallow deer, and the chital; and the Capreolinae, including the reindeer, the roe deer, the mule deer, and the moose.
Birds do not chew or digest food the same way as humans or other familiar mammals do. Birds have specialized bills to help them take bites, but they do not chew as humans do. Instead, birds will either swallow food whole or if it is too large or awkward to directly swallow, they will break it into smaller pieces. Some birds may rip or shred food such as fruit or prey, or they will use their bills to break up harder chunks of nuts or large seeds. In some cases, birds will beat their food against a rock or branch to help break it into pieces, and birds may even use their talons to hold food as they break it up. To swallow, birds tip their heads back to move the bite to the back of the throat, and their tongues help maneuver the food into a good swallowing position. Saliva also makes food easier to swallow.
The tiger is the largest extant cat species and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognizable for its dark vertical stripes on orange-brown fur with a lighter underside. It is an apex predator, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and wild boar.
The leopard is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. It occurs in a wide range in sub-Saharan Africa, in small parts of Western and Central Asia, a small part of European Russia, and on the Indian subcontinent to Southeast and East Asia.
Compared to other wild cats, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull. Its fur is marked with rosettes. It is similar in appearance to the jaguar, but has a smaller, lighter physique, and its rosettes are generally smaller, more densely packed and without central spots. Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic are known as black panthers. The leopard is distinguished by its well-camouflaged fur, opportunistic hunting behaviour, broad diet, strength, and its ability to adapt to a variety of habitats ranging from rainforest to steppe, including arid and montane areas. It can run at speeds of up to 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph).
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